Tuljabhavani Temple is one of the 51 Shaktipeetahs dedicated to Goddess Shakti. Goddess Tulja Bhavani is worshiped as Ambabai, Jagadamba, Tukai, Bhagwati, and Durga in Osmanabad District of Maharashtra, India.
The idol of the deity is the original idol (Swaymbhu Murti) which is made of Shaligram (black non-perishable stone). The installation of the idol of deity is of ‘Devipanchayatana’ type. The idol is having eight hands. One hand is holding the hairs of a monster or Daitya and another hand contains Trishula or trident which is piercing the chest of the monster or Daitya. Below the leg of the idol lies Daitya or monster Mahishasura in whose chest the Trishula or trident appears to be inserted. This shows that the deity is killing the monster Mahishasura.
On the right hand of the idol, a lion is there which is ‘Wahana’ (vehicle of the deity on which the deity usually rides). Near the idol, one can see the sage or Rishi Markendeya who is reciting Puranas or Hindu mythology. There is an image of the moon near the idol. One can see the image of the sun on the right hand of the idol. In each hand of the idol, one can see weapons or Ayudhas like Chakra, Gada, Trishula, Ankush, Dhanu, Pash.
On the right side of the idol, one can observe lady Anubhuti worshiping the deity. The lady Anubhati was the wife of Brahmin Kardama. Above the head of the idol, there is a small idol or ‘Pindi’ of Lord Mahadeva. Also, there is Swayanbhu Muguta or self-immerged crown on the head of the deity.
Tuljapur, the one amongst three and a half Shakti Peethas (abodes of cosmic powers) of the state, wherein resides the Mother Goddess Tulja Bhavani. She is also fondly revered as Aai (mother) Ambabai, Jagdamba, Tukai by her devotees who throng in millions to Tuljapur for her Darshan and for seeking her blessings. As a divine Mother, she protects her children from the sins of evil desires, selfishness, jealousy, hatred, anger, and ego. At the same time, TuljaBhavani symbolizes the power of the Supreme Being that maintains moral order and righteousness in the universe.
TuljaBhavani is also described as the impressive and formidable goddess in Hindu Puranas. She is known for combating demons who threaten the stability of the universe. She killed the Demon (asur) called Kukur, who, endowed with supernatural powers, had become arrogant and a great menace to the social and moral order of the day. When the Goddess appeared to kill him, the demon assumed the form of a ferocious buffalo (mahisha) and challenged her for a combat. She vanquished him in the battle and killed him and from then onwards, she became popularly known as “Mahishasur Mardini”, the one who killed the demon called Mahishasur.
According to Hindu Puranas, She manifested her divine presence through all Yugas (ages). She guided Lord Rama in the Treta Yuga; blessed Yudhishtir in Dwapar Yuga in the epic war of Mahabharata, and in the Kali Yuga, she was an eternal source of great inspiration to King Shivaji and according to legend, she gifted the most celebrated Bhavani Sword to him.
Nine Rupa’s of Tuljabhavani
In mythology nine Rupa’s of the deity are referred.
Daily Schedule in Tujabhavani Temple
|4.00 am||The morning before the Puja starts, the large drums in the drum house (Nagarkhana) of Tuljabhavani temple are played loudly. The meaning of this drumming is that the devotees should be prepared and come before the puja. The drums are drummed (Chaughada) three times during the day.|
|5.00 am||This puja is performed by the hands of Mahant Vakoji Bua. At the time of Charantirtha puja, the representative of Karvir (Kolhapur) princely state is present.|
|7.00 am||Abhishekh Pooja|
|12.00 pm||pooja and Prayer|
|7.00 pm||Abhishekh Pooja|
Festivals in Tujabhavani Mata Temple Tuljapur
This is the main festival of Tuljabhavni. This festival runs for 9 days in Navratri. It starts on Ashvin Pratipada and ends on Dushmee or Dussera. During this festival, various religious ceremonies are performed by through priests or brahmins. Important ceremonies are Durgasapatashati Path (Enchanting of religious rhymes), Navgraha Jap, Abhisheks, various fire ceremonies like Homas. These religious ceremonies start on Ashtmee or eight days of month Ashwina and end on Dashmee. Poornahooti is offered to deity and also some sacrifice is offered to deity. There are three types of ‘Nidras’ or slumber of deity.
This event takes place on Ashivana Shuddha Dashami. At the time of this Nidra, the idol of deity with full worn sari is taken out of the inner room or Garbhgriha of the temple. Procession of the idol takes place wherein the idol rests in Palkhi . After completion of Pradakshina or full round of the temple, the deity rests on the Palanga or special cot meant for sleeping of deity.
This event takes place on Bhadrapada Krishna Ashtami. Here the idol of the deity is applied with turmeric and kept on special silver coat or Palanga which is there for sleeping of deity.
This event takes place on Pousha Shuddha Pratipada. Here the idol of the deity is applied with turmeric and kept on the special silver coat or Palanga which is there for sleeping of deity.
How to Reach
Tuljabhavani Mata Temple is located in Osamanabad District in the Maharashtra State of India. Well connected by roads and rail to Osmanabad, Solapur, and Latur. The closest and highly connected city is Osmanabad from Tuljapur.